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Obesity in childhood is associated with significant reductions in quality of life with a wide range of serious health complications. Although the origin of obesity is complex and relates to both genetic and environmental determinants, obesity ultimately results from an imbalance of energy intake via diet relative to energy expenditure.
Children and Adolescents are suffering from a double burden of malnutrition. The overall prevalence of obesity and overweight observed was 8.2%. More females were overweight and obese than males. A higher proportion of urban males and females were overweight and obese as compared to rural males. All children and adolescents regardless of sex and residence were consuming diet either in excess or deficient in calories. None reported adequate intake. The highest proportion of calorie excess was observed among urban males aged 6-8 years (61.5%) and urban females aged 9-11 years (65.0%). Protective foods especially fruits were consumed less frequently in both urban and rural areas. Children from urban areas reported higher consumption of fast foods and carbonated drinks. Similarly, consumption of meals from fast food outlets, roadside vendors and from school canteen was seen more in urban children. Low physical activity was reported by 9.6% of children (13.7% urban and 5.6% rural). More females were engaged in sedentary activities as compared to males.